How did we find ourselves in a "post-truth" world of "alternative facts"? And can we get out of it? A Short History of Truth sets out to answer these questions by looking at the complex history of truth and falsehood. It identifies ten types of supposed truth and explains how easily each can become the midwife of falsehood. There is no species of truth that we can rely on unquestioningly, but that does not mean the truth can never be established. Attaining truth is an achievement we need to work for, and each chapter will end up with a truth we can have some confidence in.This history builds into a comprehensive and clear explanation of why truth is now so disputed by exploring 10 kinds of truth:1. Eternal truths.2. Authoritative truths.3. Esoteric truths.4. Reasoned truths.5. Evidence-based truths.6. Creative truths.7. Relative truths. 8. Powerful truths9. Moral truths.10. Holistic truths.Baggini provides us with all we need to restore faith in the value and possibility of truth as a social enterprise. Truth-seekers need to be sceptical not cynical, autonomous not atomistic, provisional not dogmatic, open not empty, demanding not unreasonable.
This book underscores the importance of conceptual decolonization in African Philosophy.It shows that the concept of truth in Yoruba thought has epistemological and moral aspects,but that the moral is more emphasized.The book provides an analysis and criteria for identifying truth in these two areas.It is argued that the major difference between the cognitive and the moral senses of truth is the intention or motive of the speaker. Furthermore, the book examines truth in Yoruba language in relation to three traditional theories of truth. The book highlights the importance of truth in the establishment and maintenance of social and political order in contemporary Africa. It is argued that if truth is given its rightful place in social and political organization,then, the society can achieve a peaceful social order. The emphasizes here is on the moral concept of truth and its relevance to nation building.The experience of South Africa and Nigeria is specifically examined with the aim of bringing out the relevance of theory to practice in philosophy.This book will serve as an addition to the scarce literature on African Philosophy.
Revision with unchanged content. This book features a discussion of truth as non-foundational through the perspective of Zen Buddhism. Zen Buddhism in particular criticizes foundational truth as it interprets the doctrine of dependent co-arising, the Buddha's core teaching, in a radically non-dualistic way. In addressing the truth as non-foundational according to Zen, I will introduce the doctrine of dependent co-arising and emptiness, discuss the way in which the concept of emptiness lead to the split between the gradual and sudden schools of Zen, with a focus on the function of encounter dialogue as it evolved from the legitimization of the sudden tradition, and conclude by addressing the non-teleological aspects of Zen, pointing out that truth asserted as non-foundational maintains that truth is a ceaseless creative process. As the tradition of Zen has recently become largely popularized, this work will offer the reader a historical background of the tradition, as well as provide those interested with an intellectual insight into the practice of Zen.
Twelve-year-old Anna is looking forward to the birth of her baby brother. Ben arrives, but is disabled and will never be like other children. Anna loves him with her whole heart, but she finds herself unable to admit the truth of Ben's condition to her school friends. Eventually the truth gets out and leads not to the ridicule Anna expected, but to sympathy and understanding.An emotional and wonderfully written story by Elizabeth Laird, Red Sky in the Morning was Highly Commended for the Carnegie Medal.