Many children with speech and language disorders are academically and psychologically affected as they articulate words wrongly when they try to communicate verbally. It is worth noting that, since the establishment of educational assessment centres in Kenya in September, 1984, many children with speech and language problems have been identified and placed in schools. Studies carried out in other, countries such as Finland, the United States, Canada show that speech disorders have been identified and effective intervention carried out. However, a study to identify speech sound disorders has never been done in Kenya. This prompted a study of this magnitude to identify speech sound disorders in children with speech and language disorders and ultimately recommend intervention measures. The research designs used were ex-post facto and ethnographic which were quantitative and qualitative. The population from which the study sample was drawn came from school-going children in Nairobi Province aged between 6 to 13 years 11 months. The researcher in identifying the sample used purposive sampling for piloting and for the actual study.
It is rare to find a patient with dementia who is not suffering from partial or complete linguistic difficulties. Many deficits run through current interpretation of linguistic disorders: language disorders, speech disorders, articulation disorders, or voice disorders. This book aims at investigating how language is associated with dementia diseases namely cortical & subcortical dementia in light of neuropsychology.
The Institute Of Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi was established in response to the dire need for mental health profession and the acute dearth of professional psychological services in Pakistan.The unit of speech therapy is running by Dr, Raheela Khatoon who conducts evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of pathologies that comes within the realm of major categories of speech and language disorders i.e., disorder of fluency (stuttering), articulation disorders, hearing impairment and speech & language-related pathologies in neurological disorders like aphasia, dysphasia dysartheria, & other cognitive disorders. Speech-language therapy test were developed for diagnosis and treatment of speech & language-related pathologies in adults and children. Dr. Raheela Khatoon also teach the speech therapy subject in Diploma of Rebabilition Childhood Disorders in institute of Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi.
This must-have reference is a unique exploration of how the individual notion of 'self' and related constructs, such as early schemas and attachment styles, impact on psychopathology, psychotherapy processes and treatment outcomes for psychological disorders across DSM-5, such as depression, bipolar and schizophrenia spectrum disorders, anxiety and trauma, eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, autism, personality disorders, gender identity disorder, dementia and somatic problems such as chronic fatigue syndrome. It discusses the role of the concept of self in a wide range of existing theoretical and treatment frameworks, and relates these to real-life clinical issues and treatment implications. Emphasizing the importance of integrating an awareness of self constructs into evidence-based conceptual models, it offers alternative practical intervention techniques, suggesting a new way forward in advancing our understanding of psychological disorders and their treatment.
Some children are born with a problem in producing the actual speech which causes difficulty in expressing themselves and in using words together to communicate ideas. This problem may be a result of physical abnormality, cognitive grizzling or other developmental factors. They may substitute sounds which appear in their speech. Their errors may affect their personality and they may lose their confidence .This book is a theoretical.Also, an empirical attempt in the field of speech therapy. The theoretical part covers 3 main topics: the nature of articulation and phonological disorders in children, speech perception and its clinical application to speak remedially, and to envail the psychological impacts of the oral impairment on the child's attitudes. The empirical part of the study will be restricted to remediate the types of articulation and phonological disorders which are known as substitution errors pattern. The treatment-aim-sounds /?,?,?,?,?,k,l,in English and Arabic are mispronounced by 6 samples who succeeded to utter the 7 sounds. The findings are that: the two treatment programmes: the motoric training and perceptual training. "CSL" is used for the results analysis.
Quickly acquire the knowledge and skills you need to utilize the varied assessments frequently used in evaluating autism spectrum disorders With both the detection and awareness of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) on the rise, there is an urgent need for an increasing number of professionals to not only learn about the nature and course of the various autism spectrum disorders, but also to know how to identify, assess, and diagnose the presence of these disorders. Essentials of Autism Spectrum Disorders Evaluation and Assessment addresses the main domains of assessment, defines the purpose of the assessment, suggests test instruments, and discusses the unique clinical applications of each instrument to the diagnosis of ASD. Like all the volumes in the Essentials of Psychological Assessment series, each concise chapter features numerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensive illustrative material, as well as test questions that help you gauge and reinforce your grasp of the information covered. Providing an in-depth look at ASD evaluation and assessment, this straightforward book includes samples of integrated reports from comprehensive model diagnostic evaluations and prepares clinical and school psychologists, as well as speech and language pathologists, to effectively evaluate and assess ASD. Complete coverage of the identification andassessment of autism spectrum disorders Expert advice on avoiding common pitfalls Conveniently formatted for rapid reference Other titles in the Essentials of Psychological Assessment series: Essentials of Dyslexia Assessment and Intervention Essentials of Assessment Report Writing Essentials of School Neuropsychological Assessment Essentials of Evidence-Based Academic Interventions Essentials of Specific Learning Disability Identification Essentials of Processing Assessment Essentials of Executive Function Assessment Essentials of Cross-Battery Assessment, Second Edition
Oral cancer is the 6th most common cancer worldwide. It is largely related to lifestyle habits. Virtually all oral squamous cell carcinomas are preceded by visible changes in the oral mucosa, termed potentially malignant disorders. Identification of such high risk potentially malignant disorders and oral cancer at a early stage through various diagnostic aids will reduce mortality and improve clinical outcomes there by improving the quality of life.This work is a comprehensive description of the diagnostic aids available for the early detection of such high risk lesions.
The transition period is often defined as the interval beginning three weeks precalving and ending three weeks postcalving. It is a period where the dairy cow undergoes tremendous metabolic, physiological and nutritional changes to ensure provision of adequate nutrients for processes of calving and milk production. If the dairy cow cannot adapt quickly to these challenges - that indeed is happened for most of modern dairy cows- she face different metabolic disorders. The occurrence of health problems hence is clearly a major complicating factor for subsequent productive, reproductive performance and herd profitability that resulting in substantial economic losses. Therefore, control of metabolic disorders is crucially important for modern dairy herds as during the past 20 years a huge amount of experiments has focused on this field. To control and prevention from these disorders, exact understanding of each disorder is inevitable.
This well-established text on Linguistics has been thoroughly studied especially the Phonological Features of Inor, the language which genetically belongs to the Ethiopian Semitic Languages, in the Outer South Ethiopic branch, particularly to the Peripheral Western Gurage. This text introduces new aspects of the genetic belongingness of the language, Phonetics (Phonemic Inventory of Consonants and Vowels), Phonology, (Phonotactics, Syllable structures of the Language, Morpho-phonological Processes) and some Morphological features of Inor. It mainly discusses the phonological processes of the language – how vowels and consonants interact within the course of speech production. Inor has peculiar phonological processes than other Ethio-Semitic languages. Labialization, Nasalization, Palatalization, and Vowel changes are the common features of the language.
The paper discusses the peculiarities of mathematical modeling of high-temperature processes in tubular rotary kilns on the examples of firing the cement mixture and mixture for the production of alumina. Also discussed methods of studies of the kinetics of solid-phase processes using calorimetry heat flow, as well as the solution of inverse problems of parametrical identification of kinetic models. Refer formulation and solution of tasks obtaining optimal temperature profile using the method of nonlinear programming.
Depression in Neurologic Disorders Diagnosis and Management Edited by Andres M. Kanner, MD, Professor of Neurological Sciences and Psychiatry, Rush Medical College at Rush University, Chicago, IL, USA. Why should neurologists care about depression? It is one of the most frequent psychiatric comorbid conditions of neurologic disorders. Not only does it have a negative impact on the quality of patients, but it is also associated with a worse course of the neurologic disease. Yet, more often than not, neurologists have not been trained to recognize clinical depression in their patients. How should neurologists learn to care for depression? By reading Depression in Neurologic Disorders, the caring neurologist will gain a practical overview of: clinical manifestations of depression in the major neurologic disorders how to use screening instruments in clinical practice the identification of patients with an increased suicidal risk basic principles of the management of depressive disorders by the non-psychiatrist The major neurologic disorders covered in Depression in Neurologic Disorders include: Migraine Stroke Epilepsy Parkinson’s Disease Multiple Sclerosis Huntington’s Disease Dementia Traumatic Brain Injury The practical approach is enhanced with the use of case studies and ‘take-home pearls’ throughout. Depression is a common disorder that all neurologists face in their daily clinical practice. Depression in Neurologic Disorders provides the fundamentals of caring for patients who are suffering beyond their diagnosed neurologic disorder. Titles of Related Interest Adult Epilepsy Gregory Cascino and Joseph Sirven (eds); ISBN 978-0-470-74122-1 Hyperkinetic Movement Disorders: Differential Diagnosis and Treatment Alberto Albanese and Joseph Jankovic (eds); 978-0-470-74122-1 Multiple Sclerosis: Diagnosis and Therapy Howard Weiner and James Stankiewicz; 978-0-470-65463-7
The mental health and illness is identified as one of the most pressing health concerns of the 21st century. Many studies show that Neuropsychiatric disorders account for substantial count of Disability-Adjusted Life Years out of total DALYs for all disorders. It is estimated that by the year 2020, depression will become second leading cause for disease burden. Approximately 24 percent of the patients visiting the primary health care physician suffer from well defined ICD-10 mental disorder and 69 percent of them remain undiagnosed. Hence, it is essential that we must have adequate preventional and interventional mental health services rooted in primary care. The present study will facilitate in identification of potential individuals with disorders and extent of needed care at primary level in the Indian context.