Salt marshes and mangrove forests, the intertidal wetlands of the world's coastlines, provide key ecological services to all areas of the globe. This cutting-edge, richly illustrated book introduces the essential elements of coastal wetlands and their applications. The book opens by introducing coastal oceanography, the physical features of wetlands, their ecology, and human impacts upon them, giving all students the necessary background for wetlands studies. It then presents detailed case studies from around the world with extensive illustrations, supplying a wider, global-scale picture of wetlands geomorphology and biodiversity. The final chapters discuss some unique applications of coastal wetlands, including geological monitoring, uses in biotechnology and agriculture, and various experimental mesocosms. This is ideal as supplementary reading to support students on a wide range of earth and life science courses, from environmental science, ecology and palaeoecology to geomorphology and geography. It will also be a valuable interdisciplinary reference for researchers.
Wetlands are ecotones or transitional zones that occupy an intermediate position between dry land and open water. More recently, society has begun to understand the functions of wetlands and the values humans obtain from them. Wetlands help regulate water levels within watersheds, improve water quality, reduce flood and storm damages, provide important fish and wildlife habitat and support hunting, fishing and other recreational activities. Wetlands are important features in watershed management. Wetlands support a wide array of flora and fauna and deliver many ecological, climatic and societal functions. Scientists often refer to wetlands as the "kidneys" of the earth and forests as the "lungs" of the earth Kerala is well known for its wetlands. These wetlands provided livelihood to the residents in the area in the forms of agricultural produce, fish, fuel, fiber, fodder, and a host of other day-to-day necessities. Infrastructure development in the form of roads, railways, and other lines of communication fragmented the contiguity of the wetlands, and destroyed extensive tracts of coastal vegetation thereby upsetting the entire complex ecology.
The ocean covers about 70% of earth’s surface and is great reservoir of life. The study which deals with the marine and coastal habitat and its organisms is known as Marine and Coastal ecology. Ecology is the scientific discipline of understanding interactions between living organisms and their environment. Ecology is also the study of ecosystems with their network of complex interactions and mutual relationships between plants, animals, microorganisms and their surrounding environment. The application of ecological knowledge spans conservation and protection of animals and plants in their natural environment, the restoration of natural habitats, and management of natural resources. The current research trend includes ecology of invasive species, the link between ecology and the physical properties of the water and the marine environment, taxonomy and biodiversity, as well as the effects of human activities and climate change.
The vegetation types are naturally growing in the different habitats of the different countries of the world. The distribution of these vegetation types varies widely depending upon the climatic features of these habitats. Mangrove forests occur only in the coastal swamps of the warm climates, never grow in those of the cold areas. This book presents a comprehensive repost on the ecology of the mangrove forest along the coastal swamps of all araba worlds countries occurring on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, the Mediterranean Sea in the north the Red Sea and the Arab Gulf in the east. The environmental features and economic values of the mangrove forests and their propagation are also discussed.
Over the past decade, there has been a rapid increase in industrialization and human population growth along marine and coastal area of the world. This increase does much to further the well-being of the people and it also leaves severe impacts on coastal and marine environment. Approaching environmental science from a marine and coastal water perspective requires comprehensive background in the issues of geology, chemistry, biology, and in many cases atmospheric science to prevent and minimize adverse impacts of different types of pollution. This book is focused on environmental issues which include assessment of environmental impact and analysis of the different types of pollution and their effects on the coastal and marine environment. Moreover, it is provided for students and scientists in marine environment and/or ecosystem ecology, and some basic knowledge of marine biological research. Because of the diversity of illustrations and tabular information used in the examples of marine and coastal water studies, as well as the comprehensive bibliographic sources. I hope that, this book to be interesting and useful for reader, and I welcome your comments and feedback.
The coastal zone is one of the most dynamic environments on our planet and is much affected by global change, especially sea-level rise. Coastal environments harbour valuable ecosystems, but they are also hugely important from a societal point of view. This book, which draws on the expertise of 21 leading international coastal scientists, represents an up-to-date account of coastal environments and past, present and future impacts of global change. The first chapter of the book outlines key principles that underpin coastal systems and their behaviour. This is followed by a discussion of key processes, including sea level change, sedimentation, storms, waves and tides, that drive coastal change. The main part of the book consists of a discussion of the main coastal environments (beaches, dunes, barriers, salt marshes, tidal flats, estuaries, coral reefs, deltas, rocky and glaciated coasts and coastal groundwater), and how these are affected by global change. The final chapter highlights strategies for coping with coastal change. Readership: final year undergraduate and postgraduate-level students on coastal courses in a wide range subjects, including geography, environmental management, geology, oceanography and coastal/civil engineering. The book will also be a valuable resource for researchers and applied scientists dealing with coastal environments. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/masselink/coastal
The international theme for World Wetlands Day 2013 is ‘Wetlands take care of water’. Groundwater recharge, water quality improvement and flood alleviation are the important hydrological functions of wetlands. Wetland macrophytes play the vital role to improve the quality of water. Wetlands provide us food, drinking water, mental peace. Wetlands are getting polluted by the discharge of toxic substances mainly from human society. The wastewater of wetlands is purified by wetland macrophytes. Thus, the wetland macrophytes monitor the health of wetlands and play positive role in waste management.In this book wastewater purifying capacity of wetland macrophytes is discussed to sensitize the readers to necessity to conserve the wetlands and its health for the benefit of mankind.
Wetlands are the transitional ecosystem between the land and water and serves as habitat, water for drinking, fishery, irrigation and support livelihood in its surrounding. More or less wetlands have direct or indirect association with human. India has vast distribution of wetlands in the forms of reservoirs, lakes, ponds, tanks, beels, boggs etc. India lies in tropical region hence it is rich in aquatic diversity. Limnological information of Indian wetlands may be helpful in devising a strategy to restore and conserve the wetlands as they are facing threats from various anthropogenic activities including point and non-point source of pollution.
India is very rich in inland wetland resources. The importance of wetlands, along with ground water resources, in meeting the ever-increasing demands of fresh water is highly appreciated. Besides, the wetland-oriented economic activities are also increasing day by day. The chapter 1 describes some general overview, distribution and importance of wetlands. The chapter 2 covers a detail discussion on impact of socio-economic in different activities and a review of historical work in the field of ‘Wetlands’. The chapters 3, 4, and 5 have been discussed of three different types of wetlands located in West Bengal including their perceptions in the evaluation process of wetland through management strategies as well as water quality scenario. The overall conclusions and recommendations of participatory management of ecosystem services have been described in chapter 6
Ornithology has traditionally emphasized the systematics, anatomy and distribution of birds. The study of birds to find ways to conserve restore and maintain the diversity of birds and ecology. In large part, this book is designed to maintain diversity, ecology and indicate the threats to birds. Over goal is to provide some feeling for the excitement, engendered by recent research on birds. We also want to promote a sense of urgency for the need to protect birds and wetlands. It is critical that a high diversity of birds continue to be around to fascinate future generations.
Sir Arthur Tansley was the leading figure in ecology for the first half of the 20th century, founding the field, and forming its first professional societies. He was the first President of the British Ecological Society and the first chair of the Field Studies Council. His work as a botanist is considered seminal and he is recognized as one of the giants of ecology throughout the world. Ecology underpins the principles and practices of modern conservation and the maintenance of biodiversity. It explains the causes of, and offers solutions to, problems of climate change. Yet ecology is a young science, barely 100 years old. Its origins lie in phytogeography, the naming and mapping of plants. Shaping Ecology is a book about a multi-faceted man whose friends included Bertrand Russell, Marie Stopes, Julian Huxley, GM Trevelyan, and Solly Zuckerman. Historical context is provided by Tansley's family for his parents moved in the Fabian-socialist world of John Ruskin and Octavia Hill, both instrumental in the foundation of the National Trust. While Britain was relatively slow to protect its green spaces and wildlife, it did establish in 1913 the first professional Ecological Society in the world. Tansley was its President. Organising the British Vegetation Committee and initiating a series of International Phytogeographic Excursions, he changed phytogeography into ecology.
One of the most pervasive and urgent problems confronting coastal states in Nigeria today is how to achieve a healthy balance between man's developmental needs and stability that is essential for the preservation of natural environmental systems. Coastal development, urbanization and population growth have increased greatly in recent years and they are imposing a heavy burden on coastal resources in the country.The need to achieve this healthy balance in Nigeria has become necessary because of its environmental and socio-economic importance not only to itself but also to the country as a whole. The book therefore aimed at investigating the planning and management of the wetlands of coastal areas of Nigeria with a view to proffering a planning and management approach. The book also examined the current human activities and its impact on the coastal environments.Most importantly, the book presents a practical model for Integrated Coastal Planning and Management (ICPM) as a means of addressing all sectoral challenges in the planning and management of coastal resources in developing countries.