This study is basically philosophical study to see the view points of the holy Quran.With this Edition Author wants to highlight the Philosophical views of the Holy Quran.With this philosophical study Author highlighted objectives like Teaching methodology, Role of the Teacher,curriculum, values according to the Quran. Edition also includes Teacher pupils Realtion ship,Personal qualities of the Teacher,Implications of the Teaching Methodology,and curriculum.
This book aims to casting new light on the problems of translating polysemy as one of areas of difficulty in rendering the Holy Quran. Some selected polysemous words in the Holy Quran have been analyzed in term of how far the translators of the Holy Quran succeed to render the intended meaning according to the context of the original text. Indeed, polysemy offers one of the most effective parameters according to which both the literary competence of the translator and religious and cultural awareness of the reader of the translation of the Holy Quran are revealed and gauged. Furthermore, polysemy proves the untranslatability of the Holy Quran, since the translators of the potential meanings of the Holy Quran depend on interpretations(tafaseer),we can term this as an interpretive translation. The book concludes that, translating polysemous meanings in the Quranic texts is not quite easy. This is because the polysemy involves very subtle differences in meaning that are difficult to grasp.
The book analyzes the dialogic verses of the Glorious Quran via Leech’s Interpersonal Rhetoric Model in order to demonstrate the implied meaning of the contributions by relating context to the abstract meaning and arriving at an inferential pragmatic meaning. The introduction handles some pragmatic concepts which are related to the topic of the research. The first chapter tackles verses via the Cooperative Principle. Chapter two studies the Politeness Principle. Chapter three deals with the Irony Principle. Results show that the Cooperative Principle proves itself a good mechanism for interpreting the implied meaning. The Politeness Principle is not as efficient as the Cooperative Principle because it cannot account for some contributions which are polite in principle. Chapter three shows the interaction between the linguistic and rhetorical features of the interlocutors’ contributions. Nevertheless, study demonstrates that the Irony Principle cannot, by its own, give possible interpretations for some of the ironic verses of the Glorious Quran. The conclusion of the study proves that implicature plays a major role in providing better understanding of the Quranic verses.
This corpus-based research is about Sound Devices of the Holy Quran and their translations into English Poetic and Non-poetic translations. Nikayin’s translation (2000), the first and only English Poetic translation of the Holy Quran, conveys the aesthetic features of Arabic text of the Holy Quran into English speaking world which are not considered deeply in other types of translation. To compare the poetic translation of the Holy Quran to non-poetic ones, we selected two other genres of translation; a stylistic translation by Arberry, and an explanatory one by Yusuf Ali. The framework of the study is Vahid’s model of Translation Analysis, a tool for Poetry Translation Quality Assessment. we first describe the features of Poetic translation. Then, we compare what other translators have done to translate those features to poetic text, and to explore their strategies of translation. The results in chapters four and five indicate that Nikayin followed Sound Devices of the original text more than other translators under the study.
This book consists of two academic studies undertaken into the theories of two prominent modern thinkers, Francis Fukuyama and Michel Foucault, with particular reference to the implications of these theories for education. The first academic study, titled “Francis Fukuyama (1992) ‘The End of History & The Last Man’: The Implications for Education in a Postmodern World” provides a critical body of knowledge regarding Fukuyama’s book, published in 1992. Fukuyama’s book was titled “The End of History & The Last Man”, and this was originally written by Fukuyama as an article in 1989. The second academic study, titled “The Implications of Discourse Theory for Post-Compulsory Education: An Argument in Support of Foucault’s Approach” examines the theory of discourse which was introduced to the social sciences by the French philosopher, Michel Foucault (1926-1984). Foucault defined “discourse” as the way in which topics and subjects are discussed within society, and the extent to which this “discourse” is the product of unequal power relationships. Both of these academic studies examine and shed light on the theories of these two prominent global academics.
Environment has become a global issue and it is discussed where. Its present state is alarming due to some problems such as over population, unwise use of natural resources, unplanned construction, ozone lyre depletion, acid rain etc. To cope this problems, a good number of legal initiatives such as The Stockholm Conference, 1972; the Rio de Janeiro, 1992; the Vienna Convention, 1985; the Montreal Protocol, 1987; the Basal Convention, 1989; and the Biodiversity Convention, 1992 etc; have been introduced in the year of 1850 to 1945 nationally and internationally. In addition, many international and regional organisations such as UNO, OAS, and EU etc.; have been developed in order to protect the environment in different dimensions throughout the world. The study observes that the legal mechanisms in this regards are hardly realized. The study urges to the concerned authorities to implement those legal implications for the purposes of attaining sustainable environment and development. This study focuses the environmental implications based on secondary sources.
Extension is a teaching learning process. The educational processes are used in Extension to plan, implement, deliver, and evaluate the educational programs and meet the needs of people. This book presents a study conducted in the United States to identify the importance of 42 professional competencies categorized under the four educational process areas. Randomly selected, 441 Extension Educators participated in the study through an online survey. Results suggest that participantsreported the majority of the competencies to behighly important for their professional developmentand the best time to learn many competencies wasthrough on-the-job experience. A professionalcompetency development model was derived from thestudy. This model could be a useful tool for (1) designing flexible staff development programsthrough graduate education, in-service programs, and on-the-job training, and (2) developing newpolicies for employee selection, training,professional development, and performanceappraisal. Findings of the study have implications in a variety of international Extension settings for professional development of extension agents.
The retail industry in India has often been hailed as one of the sunrise sectors in the economy. The Indian government is mulling about allowing FDI in multi- brand retailing. While some people welcome this move, others oppose it. The study tries to identify the opinion of retailers towards this move. The study examines the issues related to various aspects of FDI including, product related, place related, process related, promotion related, people related, price related issues, physical evidence and environmental related issues. A sample of 200 retailers was selected from the Bangalore city. The statistical techniques which are used in the study include descriptive statistics, frequencies and percentages, reliability test, chi- square test, one- way ANOVA, two- way ANOVA and Correlation. The major findings of the study was that there is a mixed reaction among the retailers towards allowing FDI in multi- brand retail, a majority of them seems to directly or indirectly prefer the entry of foreign players. However the respondents prefer a calibrated and cautious approach towards the introduction of FDI thereby safeguarding the interests of small retailers.
Constructive dismissal is neither a dismissal nor a resignation.It does however involve the termination of the relationship between an employer and employee and the consequences are invariably negative.This study examines the perplexing and yet important issue of constructive dismissal and explores the issues involving constructive dismissal in Malaysia by providing an in-depth study of perspectives in various levels ranging from employers, employees, legal sector, unions and individuals.A detailed study on all relevant cases has also been made to determine how the principles of law function in bringing a contract of employment to an end by reason of the employer's conduct-should it be the contract test or the test of unreasonableness or other type of tests?What type of employer's conduct will justify justify constructive dismissal-should it be the employer's conduct in breach of the terms of employment contract or unreasonable behavior on his part that leads the employee to walk out of his employment?The study in addition explores the awareness level of employees and as well as employers in this growing nature of dismissal.
Holy Quran is the sacred scripture of Islam, revealed to the Arabian unlettered (ummi) prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) more than fourteen hundred years ago. Being a bringer of guidance to the believers in their every walk of life, it contains a very wide-ranging list of injunctions. One of the most peculiar features of the Quranic verses is their approach towards diverse aspects ranging from the historical facts to the facts about Nature. A remarkable feature about the Quranic verses is that it grippingly contains a broad range of verses, which directly call human beings to observe, reflect and make use of the material nature on one hand and realize the powers of the Originator and Creator on the other. Hundreds of the verses of Holy Quran repeatedly speak and reveal about the various manifestations of nature. The Quranic exemplification of the material nature is unique in its approach, usefulness and essence. The book is not only useful for the scholars and students of Islamic Studies, Oriental Studies, Religion but also for people in general.It is hoped, that,the work prove to be beneficial for all.
The focus of the study is to establish the implications of the integrated efforts in self-help movement while considering the long standing women’s associations and their support for households. A sample of 145 individuals was selected through stratified systematic random sampling. Data were collected using interview schedules, questionnaires, oral interview guides, and focus groups discussions. The study employed descriptive analysis because of the qualitative nature of the data. T-tests were, however, carried out on the a few variables which could be quantified. The study findings have revealed that mixed –sex groups provided an opportunity to venture into a variety of activities with an economic orientation. Groups varied significantly due to factors relate to resource access, culture and education. Women only groups were at a disadvantage because of their relation to the means of production. Management was a problem for all groups, calling for an intensive training in leadership and management skills.
Effective teaching of foreign languages to young learners at the kindergarten and early elementary school level has become one of the main educational objectives in the united Europe and other parts of the world. Yet, young learners'' foreign language education still constitutes a real challenge and its shape has not been fully determined. This book, therefore, focuses on the educational discourse occurring in a foreign language, kindergarten classroom. The theoretical part illustrates discursive competence in the educational context, together with the psychological and linguistic development of the child. The subsequent empirical part presents the results of the research, which attempted to explore educational discourse between the teacher and Polish kindergarten learners, as well as to investigate the modifications it undergoes after the implementation of the puppet acting as a native speaker of English and as the teacher''s assistant. The conclusions and implications derived from the study may be of interest to foreign language teachers, and to coursebook authors.